Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) will be the oldest medical specialty in the usa. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained inside the medical and surgical management and therapy for patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of your head and neck. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases in the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, as well as structures of your neck and face.
Hearing loss affects one in ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the treatment of ear disorders. These are trained in the medical and surgical treatment of hearing loss, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), plus some cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of your outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, rendering it one of the more common health complaints in the united states. Proper care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is among the primary skills of otolaryngology los angeles. Problems within the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction caused by a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is knowledge of managing diseases in the throat, larynx (voice box), along with the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
The top and neck?
This part of the body includes the key functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the appearance of the facial area. Within the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are qualified to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities in the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists will be ready to start practicing after completing around 10 years of college and post-graduate training. To be eligible for certification through the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (4 years), medical school (4 years), as well as at least five years of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Moreover, some otolaryngologists pursue a 1- or two- year fellowship for additional extensive education in among eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these simple eight areas.
Exactly what are the seven regions of expertise in otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and also other sensitivities affecting the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical treatment of abnormalities of the neck and face and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), face lift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hairloss and other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors within the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), such as the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump within the neck or thyroid, cancer from the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of the throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: a sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases of your ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; loss of hearing; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing within the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in youngsters with special ENT problems including birth defects of the head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders of your nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, lack of smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists change from many physicians in that they are trained in medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not need to refer patients to other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgical treatment is needed and, therefore, can provide the most appropriate look after each individual patient. Otolaryngologists are the most suitable physicians to help remedy disorders in the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.